Climate change and global warming have become increasingly urgent issues worldwide, with little progress made in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Addressing these problems requires a comprehensive and collaborative effort. A key aspect of greenhouse gas reduction policy is emissions reporting, which is the focus of this work.

The main objective of this work is twofold. Firstly, it aims to propose an emission reporting evaluation model that can enhance the overall quality of emissions reporting. Secondly, it seeks to utilize artificial intelligence (AI) to support initiatives that improve emissions reporting. To achieve these goals, the researchers have developed an Emissions Reporting Maturity Model (ERMM).

The ERMM is designed to examine, cluster, and analyze data from emissions reporting initiatives. Its purpose is to assist cities in addressing the challenges of climate change and global warming. By utilizing the ERMM, cities can evaluate and classify their emission reporting processes, identify drawbacks and challenges faced by other cities, and ultimately leverage emissions-related processes and mitigation initiatives.

To support the evaluation process outlined by the ERMM, this work also proposes the Performance Indicator Development Process (PIDP). The PIDP aims to enhance the quality of available data needed for evaluations. It involves tasks such as preparing data from emissions-related databases, classifying data based on similarities revealed by different clustering techniques, and identifying potential performance indicators.

The qualitative analysis of selected data samples further strengthens the identified performance indicator candidates. By employing the PIDP, cities can ensure that they have reliable and robust data for evaluating their emission reporting processes.

In conclusion, this work offers a comprehensive framework for evaluating and improving emissions reporting. By using the ERMM and PIDP, cities can gain valuable insights into their emission reporting processes, learn from the experiences of other cities, and enhance their efforts in mitigating climate change and global warming.

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